First, Father lamented the number of Catholics who spurn frequent Confession, but still choose to receive Holy Communion. He told us how the devil influences us to make us think our sins are so small they are not even worthy of confessing. He strongly encouraged us to make frequent confessions, even if we have only venial sins to confess. Then he told us something very useful for overcoming vice and developing virtue: how to make a particular examination of conscience.
A particular examination of conscience is done every day when one is trying to overcome some vice that leads them to sin. We are to examine our consciences every day for the one vice we most want to root out, and apply the opposite virtue to overcome this tendency to sin. Rather than taking on the whole army, we are fighting one enemy at a time, so to speak, and also practicing the virtue that opposes the vice. For example, if impatience is the vice I most want to be rid of, I must practice the virtue of patience every time I find myself being impatient with someone or something. Then I would review all the actions of that day, examining if or how that virtue was practiced in each and every action.
Since we cannot possibly hope to achieve immediate perfection of all Christian virtues, through the particular examination of conscience we can acquire one virtue at a time, while eradicating its opposing vice from our lives.
Capital Virtues and their opposing sins: